Many deeds found in Texas, including Patents from the state, provide land descriptions stated in “Varas.” This Unit of Measurement is of Spanish Mexican origin. It was first adopted in Texas by a provision to the March 17, 1836 Constitution of the Republic of Texas. While most deeds of recent vintage now contain metes and bounds descriptions using feet and inches as the Unit of Measurement, it is not uncommon to encounter tracts of land described using vara measurements, and it is often necessary to convert the vara measurements to determine distance and area. Hopefully this information will be of assistance.
TEXAS LAND MEASURES
Unit of measure The Vara = 33-1/2 inches
36 varas = 100 feet.
108 varas = 100 yards.
1000 varas = 925 yards, 2 feet, 10-1/3 inches.
1900.8 varas = 1 mile = 5,280 feet = 1,760 yards.
1,000,000 square varas = 1 labor = 177 1/8 acres.
1,806,250 square varas = 320 acres.
3,613,040 square varas = 640 acres = 1 square mile.
8,333,333-1/3 square varas = 1/3 league = 1,476.1 acres.
25,000,000 square varas = 1 league = 4,428.4 acres.
26,000,000 square varas = 1 league and labor = 4,605 acres.
640 acres is one square mile of 1,900.8 varas on each side.
320 acres is 1,344 varas on each side.
160 acres is 950.4 varas on each side.
80 acres is 672 varas on each side.
One acre is 5,645.376 square varas = 43,560 sq. ft. = 4,840 sq.yards.
To reduce square feet to acres, divide by 43,560.
To reduce varas to feet, multiply by 100, then divide by 36.
To reduce feet to varas, multiply by 36, then divide by 100.
To reduce square varas to acres, divide by 5,645.376; or, Multiply by 177-1/8 and cut off six figures on the right, the remaining figures give the acres.
Additional Units of Measure:
1 Rod = 5.94 varas, or 16-1/2 feet or 1 pole or 1 perch.
1 Chain = 66 feet or 100 links. 1 Link = 7.92 inches.